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Name Details:
Named By: William A. Richie
Named For
Date Identified:  1961
Type Site
 Meadowood Cache Blade

Commonly Utilized Material:
Chert and rhyolite, to a lesser degree jasper and quartzite.  In Pennsylvania the most commonly used material is Onondaga Chert.

Cultural Period:   
3,300 - 2,700 B.P.
Early Woodland
Meadowood Culture

Glacial Period:

Outline is Representative of Common Size and Shape:

Description of Physical Characteristics and Flaking Pattern:

This is a thin medium to large triangular triangular notch point with a flattened cross section.  The blade may vary from excurvate to straight.  The base may vary from straight to convex.  The base commonly thinned and has heavy grinding.  This point is commonly well made flat flaking scares forming a random flaking pattern.

Size Measurements:  Length - 41 to 90 mm (average 50 to 75 mm),  Width - 18 to 50 mm (average 25 to 25 mm), Thickness - 4 to 7 mm.

Distribution Comments:

This point is primarily found in New York, into New England, Pennsylvania, and southwestern Ontario.  These point are found with decreased frequency in Ohio and found infrequently into Indiana, Illinois. Michigan, and Wisconsin.

Similar Points:
Related / Associated Points: 
Meadowood, Pomranky
Additional Comments:

These points are most commonly found in large caches associated with burials.   

These blades have been found in caches with Pomranky points (Justice, 1987).

Rarely, Adena points are found in association with these points.  It is thought that Adena points may not be related directly to these points, but may represent prestige points (Justice, 1987 / W10).

Other points in this Cluster:
Point Validity:   Valid Type

Richie was a prominent anthropologist who served as the state archaeologist for the State of New York, the State Museum and Science Service.  He excavated over 100 sites in the state of New York and published over 150 professional publications.  He named this type in a professional publication and this type has many professional references.  This is considered a valid type.


Age Details:
Pictures Provided By:
Christopher Cramer

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References: (See Reference Page, Entry Number):

29, 30, 37, W10, W11, W14
Meadowood Projectile Point, Meadowood Arrowhead